The National Society of Arts and Letters

Literature, philosophy and art in the U.S.

Literature, philosophy and art in the U.S.
Times Square in New York, part of the theater district BrodveyV 18 – beg. 19 cc., American art and literature replenished from Europe. Writers such as Nathaniel Hawthorne, Edgar Allan Poe, and Henry David Thoreau established a special American literary movement in the mid 19th century. Mark Twain and poet Walt Whitman were major figures in the second half of the same century. Emily Dickinson, virtually unknown during his lifetime, is now recognized as a major American poet. Their work covers the main aspects of the national experience and character : “Moby Dick” Herman Melville (1851), “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn ” ( 1885) and ” The Great Gatsby “, the second title ” Great American Novel ” by F. Scott Fitzgerald (1925).

Eleven U.S. citizens have won the Nobel Prize for literature, and more recently – Toni Morrison in 1993. Ernest Hemengueya, Nobel Prize winner in 1954, is considered one of the most influential writers of the 20th century. In the United States is very developed and popular literary genres such as western fiction crimes. Generation of writers ” beatniks ” opens a new literary approach postmodernist authors such as John Barth, Thomas Pynchon and Don DeLillo.

Transcendentalists, led by Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson, established the first major American philosophical movement. After the Civil War, Charles Sanders Peirce and then William James and John Dewey were leaders in the development of pragmatism. In the 20th century work of WVO Quine and Richard Rorty, built on the teachings of Noam Chomsky, the court granted on the new trend of American Scientists – analytic philosophy. John Rawls and Robert Nozick revived political philosophy.

Fine Art Hudson River School in the mid-19th century was the movement echoes the tradition of European naturalism. In 1913 in New York City, an exhibition of European modernism – an exhibition of weapons, which shocked the public and transformed the U.S. art scene. Georgia O ` Keefe, Marsden Hartley and other experimenters with new styles showed a high individual sensitivity to art. Major artistic movements such as the abstract expressionism of Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning and the pop art of Andy Warhol and Roy Lichten ? ? Thane developed mainly in the United States. Wave of modernism and post- modernism brought fame to American architects such as Frank Lloyd Wright, Philip Johnson, and Frank Gehry.

One of the main founders of the American theater was impresario – PT Barnum, who began his work in lower Manhattan entertainment complex in 1841. Team Harrigan and Hart produced a series of musical comedies in New York starting in the late 1870s. In the 20th century music on Broadway has acquired its present form ; songs such theater composers such as Irving Berlin, Cole Porter, and Stephen Sondheim have become pop standards. Playwright Eugene O’Neill won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1936, other famous playwrights U.S. received the Pulitzer Prize : Tennessee Williams, Edward Albee, and August Wilson.

Largely been ignored at the time of Charles Quince in the 1910s. approved it as the first major U.S. classical composer ; other experimenters : Henry Cole and John Cage created an American approach to classical composition. Aaorn Copland and George Ger ? ? Wines have created a unique synthesis of folk and classical music. Choreographers – Isadora Duncan and Martha Graham – created modern dance, while George Balanchine and Jerome Robbins were leaders in the 20th century on ballet. Americans have long played an important role in the creation of contemporary art photography, photographers were major – Alfred Stieglitz, Edward Steichen, and Ansel Adams. Newspaper comics and comic books are an innovation of the United States. Superman, the typical superhero comic, became an American icon.